A-Z Legal Terms
Constable An elected official whose primary task is to provide and return legal advice and documents in accordance with the instructions of a court of law. Option: An ongoing offer to sell that must be accepted by the option holder under the terms of the option, and if it is not accepted within the specified period, the right to do so will be forfeited. For one important reason: with sufficient legal justification to take action. I have never met such a passionate, organized and responsive group of lawyers. Family law issues can be emotionally and legally challenging, but this group stands out as the place to go to get great help The explanations in this guide are not meant to be direct alternatives. While we hope the statements will prompt lawyers to ensure that they only use legal jargon when absolutely necessary, our wording is there to explain ideas and concepts rather than giving strict legal definitions. Informed consent: Consent given after full disclosure of constitutional and other legal rights that affect consent or not. Right to privacy: A generally accepted legal right to be left alone and to live a life free from publicity or unwarranted intrusion. A violation of the right to privacy may give rise to a cause of action or a tort claim. Legal issue: Disputed point of law subject to a judicial decision. Attorney Who is admitted to the Arizona State Bar and can represent clients in legal proceedings.
Also called lawyer or lawyer. A lawyer chosen to hear a case and settle the dispute without a formal hearing. Execute: to complete a legal document, for example by signing. This glossary is designed to help you identify courts and other legal terms. Specific benefit: Recourse available to an aggrieved party if the remedy is inadequate, where a defendant may be required to pay under the terms of a contract instead of paying monetary damages. Excellent team of lawyers. Everyone has extensive experience and a great depth of legal knowledge. I highly recommend this company to everyone. Implicit: When the intention of the parties is not expressed by direct conditions, but results from the surrounding circumstances or behavior. Fraud Act: The requirement that certain types of contracts must be in writing to be enforceable.
Examples of such contracts are: contracts for the purchase or sale of land and agreements which, according to their conditions, cannot be fulfilled within one year. The wording used in the act changes. Many lawyers now adopt a simple English style. But there are still legal phrases that baffle non-lawyers. This guide is intended to help in two ways: Crime A serious crime that can be punished with prison by the Department of Corrections. In some cases, the death penalty may be imposed. Forced entry and detention Special procedure for returning property from land, dwelling house or other immovable property to a person who has been unjustly kept away from the land or deprived of the use of the land. This is a procedure commonly used in landlord-tenant disputes, also known as eviction. Court of General Jurisdiction (Supreme Court), which has the power to rule on all disputes that are not exclusively assigned to another court.
Grand Jury A group of 12 to 16 citizens who typically serve a maximum prison sentence of 120 days to hear or investigate charges of criminal conduct. Their accusation, dubbed True Bill, leads to a trial against the accused. Impeachment A formal allegation by the Arizona House of Representatives that a sitting public servant committed wrongdoing. Incorrigible Refers to a young person who is not controllable by his or her parents or guardians. Incorrigible offences include absconding and absenteeism. Formal and written indictment by a grand jury alleging that a person or company has committed a specific crime. First appearance The first appearance of the accused before the court in criminal proceedings. Insolvency Incapacity or lack of funds to repay debts. Judge The public official empowered to preside, hear and decide cases before the courts. Judgment Official decision of a court on the rights and claims of the parties to a civil or criminal action. Pro tempore judge A person assigned to the temporary exercise of the functions of a judge.
Judicial Performance Review The procedure required by the Arizona Constitution to periodically review the performance of governor-appointed judges. Jurisdiction The legal power of a court to hear and decide cases; the exercise of judicial powers within certain geographical, monetary or factual limits. Jury Commissioner An official of the Court who ensures that potential jurors are available when the courts need them. Foreman of the jury President of the Grand or Small Jury chosen by the members who speak or answer on behalf of the jury. A legislative provision that regulates the conduct of the corporation, which is primarily generated by the legislature of the government. Court of limited jurisdiction A tribunal that can hear and rule on limited types of cases. In Arizona, it`s the courts and the municipal courts. Litigant Party (person or persons) involved in a dispute. Litigation Judicial competition to obtain a decision of the court. Magistrate Often used to appoint a city judge, but A.R.S. § 1-215 contains a broad definition that includes all bailiffs authorized to issue an arrest warrant: includes a Supreme Court judge and judges of the superior, judicial and district courts. Merit selection A system that allows a judicial appointment committee to recommend candidates for judicial appointments to the Governor.
Less serious offence than a crime punishable by a penalty other than imprisonment (R.S.R. § 13-105). Application A request to a judge to obtain a decision or order from a specific court. Oath A promise, promise or statement to provide truthful information to the court or in an affidavit. Written declaration on the report on the decision of a court of appeal. Parties Persons, partnerships, corporations, corporations or governmental organizations involved in legal proceedings. Small Jury (Trial) A group of persons selected to decide the facts and render a judgment in a civil or criminal case. Written request to the court demanding concrete legal action. Application for Review Application for review requesting a court of appeal to review a judgment or decision. Plaintiff In a civil action, the party bringing the lawsuit is the party. In criminal proceedings, the State is the applicant. Respondent`s response to a plea to the criminal charges laid; The plea is usually guilty or not guilty.
Plea agreement or plea bargain A trial between the defendant and the prosecution to negotiate a mutually satisfactory outcome of the case. Legal issues The legal issues that a case may raise. A geographical subdivision of the district of the city, town or county used to describe the jurisdiction of a justice of the peace or for electoral purposes. Preliminary hearing procedure used to determine if there is enough evidence against a person accused of a crime to go to court. Presiding judge who exercises the administrative functions of the court. Depending on the court, this judge can also hear cases. Probable Cause Reasonable Cause; There is more evidence for this than against. Probation Conditional suspension of sentence imposed by a court in criminal proceedings. If probation periods are successfully completed, the sentence will not be imposed. In case of violation of the probation conditions, the probation may be revoked and the sentence executed. In itself, they appear in court for themselves, as in the case of a person who does not use the services of a lawyer. Proposal 109 The constitutional amendment, which required public contributions and the establishment of a process to review the performance of judges` work.
Prosecutor who represents the citizens of a particular municipality or state in criminal proceedings. This may be the city attorney, the district attorney or the attorney general. Minutes of appeal The documents, transcripts and evidence of the Court of First Instance which are transmitted to the Court of Appeal for consideration. return to pre-trial detention; A court of appeal may refer a case to the court of first instance for a new trial or other action. A party should suspend or suspend its case when it has presented all the evidence it intends to offer. Retention An electoral process in which voters decide whether judges will serve another term in the exercise of their current judicial functions. Reverse decision of a court of appeal to change the decision of a lower court in whole or in part. Penalty of penalty determined by the court within the limits of the penalties permitted by law.
Settlement An agreement that satisfies one or both parties in a civil lawsuit in exchange for the dismissal of the case. Within each court, a special small claims division has been established to legally settle claims that do not exceed $2,500.